Tout a commencé avec un rapport du Trésor Américain qui implique la banque dans des activité de blanchiment d’argent :
FBME was involved in at least 4,500 suspicious wire transfers through U.S. correspondent accounts that totalled at least $875 mln between November 2006 and March 2013.
La Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) accuse aussi FBME de faciliter des transactions financières liées au crime organisée et au Hezbollah, en utilisant le terme “primary money laundering concern.” .
Et seulement quelques jours après la publication de ce rapport, la Banque centrale de Chypre (CBC) prend le contrôle de FBME et nomme un administrateur. La Banque centrale de Chypre fait aussi part de sa volonté de vendre la filiale Chypriote de la FBME, pour « protéger les dépositaires ».
Les clients de FBME se retrouvent sans accès à leurs fonds : impossible de faire des virements bancaires depuis le 21 Juillet ! Dans l’attente d’une décision de la CBC.
Le but apparent de l’administration Américaine est d’empêcher la FBME d’accéder au marché US, mais la rapidité des faits laisse supposer que d’autres intérêts sont en jeu, et faire couler FBME n’est qu’un moyen pour atteindre l’objectif final.
Il semble maintenant évident que FBME est une banque devenue indésirable :
- Si vous avez besoin d’un compte bancaire offshore, cherchez ailleurs
- Si vous avez des fonds chez FBME, espérez que la situation se débloque rapidement pour transférer vos fonds vers une autre banque.
Pour aller plus, loin, vous pouvez consulter ces articles sur l’affaire FBME :
Voici le rapport de la FinCen :
Notice of proposed rulemaking.
CFR Part: « 31 CFR Part 1010 »
RIN Number: « RIN 1506-AB27 »
Citation: « 79 FR 42486 »
Page Number: « 42486 »
« Proposed Rules »
SUMMARY: In a finding, notice of which is published elsewhere in this issue of theFederal Register (« Notice of Finding »), the Director of FinCEN found that FBME Bank Ltd. (« FBME »), formerly known as Federal Bank of the Middle East, Ltd., is a financial institution operating outside of the United States that is of primary money laundering concern. FinCEN is issuing this notice of proposed rulemaking (« NPRM ») to propose the imposition of a special measure against FBME.
EFFECTIVE DATE: Written comments on this NPRM must be submitted on or before September 22, 2014.
ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by 1506-AB27, by any of the following methods:
* Federal E-rulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Include 1506-AB27 in the submission.
* Mail: The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, P.O. Box 39, Vienna, VA22183. Include 1506-AB27 in the body of the text. Please submit comments by one method only.
* Comments submitted in response to this NPRM will become a matter of public record. Therefore, you should submit only information that you wish to make publicly available.
Inspection of comments: Public comments received electronically or through theU.S. Postal Service sent in response to a notice and request for comment will be made available for public review on http://www.regulations.gov. Comments received may be physically inspected in the FinCEN reading room located in Vienna, Virginia. Reading room appointments are available weekdays (excluding holidays)between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m., by calling the Disclosure Officer at (703) 905-5034 (not a toll-free call).
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: The FinCEN Resource Center at (800) 767-2825.
I. Statutory Provisions
On October 26, 2001, the President signed into law the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (the « USA PATRIOT Act »), Public Law 107-56. Title III of the USA PATRIOT Act amends the anti-money laundering provisions of the Bank Secrecy Act (« BSA »), codified at 12 U.S.C. 1829b, 12 U.S.C. 1951-1959, and 31 U.S.C. 5311-5314, 5316-5332, to promote the prevention, detection, and prosecution of international money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Regulations implementing the BSA appear at 31 CFR Chapter X. The authority of the Secretary of the Treasury (the « Secretary ») to administer the BSA and its implementing regulations has been delegated to the Director of FinCEN.
Section 311 of the USA PATRIOT Act (« Section 311 »), codified at 31 U.S.C. 5318A, grants the Director of FinCEN the authority, upon finding that reasonable grounds exist for concluding that a foreign jurisdiction, institution, class of transaction, or type of account is of « primary money laundering concern, » to require domestic financial institutions and financial agencies to take certain « special measures » to address the primary money laundering concern.
II. Imposition of a Special Measure Against FBME as a Financial Institution of Primary Money Laundering Concern
A. Special Measure
As noticed elsewhere in this issue of the Federal Register , on July 15, 2014, the Director of FinCEN found that FBME is a financial institution operating outside the United States that is of primary money laundering concern (« Finding »). Based upon that Finding, the Director of FinCEN is authorized to impose one or more special measures. Following the consideration of all factors relevant to the Finding and to selecting the special measure proposed in this NPRM, the Director of FinCEN proposes to impose the special measure authorized by section 5318A(b)(5) (the « fifth special measure »). In connection with this action, FinCEN consulted with representatives of the Federal functional regulators, the Department of Justice, and the Department of State, among others.
B. Discussion of Section 311 Factors
In determining which special measures to implement to address the primary money laundering concern, FinCEN considered the following factors.
1. Whether Similar Action Has Been or Will Be Taken by Other Nations or Multilateral Groups Against FBME
Other countries or multilateral groups have not yet taken action similar to those proposed in this rulemaking that would: (1) prohibit domestic financial institutions and agencies from opening or maintaining a correspondent account for or on behalf of FBME; and (2) require certain covered financial institutions to screen their correspondent accounts in a manner that is reasonably designed to guard against processing transactions involving FBME. FinCEN encourages other countries to take similar action based on the information contained in this NPRM and the Notice of Finding.
2. Whether the Imposition of the Fifth Special Measure Would Create a Significant Competitive Disadvantage, Including Any Undue Cost or Burden Associated with Compliance, for Financial Institutions Organized or Licensed in the United States
The fifth special measure proposed by this rulemaking would prohibit covered financial institutions from opening or maintaining correspondent accounts for or on behalf of FBME after the effective date of the final rule implementing the fifth special measure. Currently, only one U.S. covered financial institution maintains an account for FBME; therefore FinCEN believes this action will not present an undue regulatory burden. As a corollary to this measure, covered financial institutions also would be required to take reasonable steps to apply special due diligence, as set forth below, to all of their correspondent accounts to help ensure that no such account is being used to provide services to FBME. For direct correspondent relationships, this would involve a minimal burden in transmitting a one-time notice to certain foreign correspondent account holders concerning the prohibition on processing transactions involving FBME through the U.S. correspondent account. U.S. financial institutions generally apply some level of screening and, when required, conduct some level of reporting of their transactions and accounts, often through the use of commercially-available software such as that used for compliance with the economic sanctions programs administered by the Office of Foreign Assets Control (« OFAC ») of the Department of the Treasury and to detect potential suspicious activity. To ensure that U.S. financial institutions are not being used unwittingly to process payments for or on behalf of FBME, directly or indirectly, some additional burden will be incurred by U.S. financial institutions to be vigilant in their suspicious activity monitoring procedures. As explained in more detail in the section-by-section analysis below, financial institutions should be able to leverage these current screening and reporting procedures to detect transactions involving FBME.
3. The Extent to Which the Proposed Action or Timing of the Action Would Have a Significant Adverse Systemic Impact on the International Payment, Clearance, and Settlement System, or on Legitimate Business Activities of FBME
The requirements proposed in this NPRM would target FBME specifically; they would not target a class of financial transactions (such as wire transfers) or a particular jurisdiction. FBME has approximately $2 billion in assets. While FBME is presently headquartered in Tanzania, FBME transacts over 90% of its global banking business and holds over 90% of its assets in its Cyprus branch. FBME is not a major participant in the international payment system and is not relied upon by the international banking community for clearance or settlement services. Thus, the imposition of the fifth special measure against FBME would not have a significant adverse systemic impact on the international payment, clearance, and settlement system.
4. The Effect of the Proposed Action on United States National Security and Foreign Policy
The exclusion of FBME from the U.S. financial system as proposed in this NPRM would enhance national security by making it more difficult for money launderers, transnational organized crime, other criminals, sanctions evaders, and terrorists to access the U.S. financial system. More generally, the imposition of the fifth special measure would complement the U.S. Government’s worldwide efforts to expose and disrupt international money laundering and terrorist financing.
Therefore, pursuant to the Finding that FBME is a financial institution operating outside of the United States of primary money laundering concern, and after conducting the required consultations and weighing the relevant factors, the Director of FinCEN proposes to impose the fifth special measure.
III. Section-by-Section Analysis for Imposition of the Fifth Special Measure
1. FBME Bank Ltd.
Section 1010.661(a)(1) of the proposed rule would define FBME to include all domestic and international branches, offices, and subsidiaries of FBME operating inTanzania, Cyprus, or in any other jurisdiction.
Covered financial institutions should take commercially reasonable measures to determine whether a customer is a branch, office, or subsidiary of FBME.
2. Correspondent Account
Section 1010.661(a)(2) of the proposed rule would define the term « correspondent account » by reference to the definition contained in 31 CFR 1010.605(c)(1)(ii). Section 1010.605(c)(1)(ii) defines a correspondent account to mean an account established to receive deposits from, or make payments or other disbursements on behalf of, a foreign bank, or to handle other financial transactions related to the foreign bank. Under this definition, « payable through accounts » are a type of correspondent account.
In the case of a U.S. depository institution, this broad definition includes most types of banking relationships between a U.S. depository institution and a foreign bank that are established to provide regular services, dealings, and other financial transactions, including a demand deposit, savings deposit, or other transaction or asset account, and a credit account or other extension of credit. FinCEN is using the same definition of « account » for purposes of this rule as was established for depository institutions in the final rule implementing the provisions of section 312 of the USA PATRIOT Act requiring enhanced due diligence for correspondent accounts maintained for certain foreign banks. /1/
FOOTNOTE 1 See 31 CFR 1010.605(c)(2)(i). END FOOTNOTE
In the case of securities broker-dealers, futures commission merchants, introducing brokers-commodities, and investment companies that are open-end companies (« mutual funds »), FinCEN is also using the same definition of « account » for purposes of this rule as was established for these entities in the final rule implementing the provisions of section 312 of the USA PATRIOT Act requiring enhanced due diligence for correspondent accounts maintained for certain foreign banks. /2/
FOOTNOTE 2 See 31 CFR 1010.605(c)(2)(ii)-(iv). END FOOTNOTE
3. Covered Financial Institution
Section 1010.661(a)(3) of the proposed rule would define « covered financial institution » with the same definition used in the final rule implementing the provisions of section 312 of the USA PATRIOT Act, /3/ which in general includes the following:
FOOTNOTE 3 See 31 CFR 1010.605(e)(1). END FOOTNOTE
* An insured bank (as defined in section 3(h) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(h));
* a commercial bank;
* an agency or branch of a foreign bank in the United States;
* a Federally insured credit union;
* a savings association;
* a corporation acting under section 25A of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 611);
* a trust bank or trust company;
* a broker or dealer in securities;
* a futures commission merchant or an introducing broker–commodities; and
* a mutual fund.
Section 1010.661(a)(4) of the proposed rule would define « subsidiary » as a company of which more than 50 percent of the voting stock or analogous equity interest is owned by FBME.
B. 1010.661(b)–Prohibition on Accounts and Due Diligence Requirements for Covered Financial Institutions
1. Prohibition on Opening or Maintaining Correspondent Accounts
Section 1010.661(b)(1) of the proposed rule imposing the fifth special measure would prohibit covered financial institutions from establishing, maintaining, administering, or managing in the United States any correspondent account for or on behalf of FBME.
2. Special Due Diligence for Correspondent Accounts To Prohibit Use
As a corollary to the prohibition on maintaining correspondent accounts for or on behalf of FBME, section 1010.661(b)(2) of the proposed rule would require a covered financial institution to apply special due diligence to all of its foreign correspondent accounts that is reasonably designed to guard against processing transactions involving FBME. As part of that special due diligence, covered financial institutions must notify those foreign correspondent account holders that the covered financial institutions know or has reason to know provide services to FBME that such correspondents may not provide FBME with access to the correspondent account maintained at the covered financial institution. Covered financial institutions should implement appropriate risk-based procedures to identify transactions involving FBME.
A covered financial institution may satisfy the notification requirement by transmitting the following notice to its foreign correspondent account holders that it knows or has reason to know provide services to FBME:
Notice: Pursuant to U.S. regulations issued under Section 311 of the USAPATRIOT Act, See 31 CFR 1010.661, we are prohibited from establishing, maintaining, administering, or managing a correspondent account for or on behalf of FBME Bank Ltd. The regulations also require us to notify you that you may not provide FBME Bank Ltd. or any of its subsidiaries with access to the correspondent account you hold at our financial institution. If we become aware that the correspondent account you hold at our financial institution has processed any transactions involving FBME Bank Ltd. or any of its subsidiaries, we will be required to take appropriate steps to prevent such access, including terminating your account.
A covered financial institution may, for example, have knowledge through transaction screening software that a correspondent processes transactions for FBME. The purpose of the notice requirement is to aid cooperation with correspondent account holders in preventing transactions involving FBME from accessing the U.S. financial system. However, FinCEN would not require or expect a covered financial institution to obtain a certification from any of its correspondent account holders that access will not be provided to comply with this notice requirement. Methods of compliance with the notice requirement could include, for example, transmitting a one-time notice by mail, fax, or email. FinCEN specifically solicits comments on the form and scope of the notice that would be required under the rule.
The special due diligence would also include implementing risk-based procedures designed to identify any use of correspondent accounts to process transactions involving FBME. A covered financial institution would be expected to apply an appropriate screening mechanism to identify a funds transfer order that on its face listed FBME as the financial institution of the originator or beneficiary, or otherwise referenced FBME in a manner detectable under the financial institution’s normal screening mechanisms. An appropriate screening mechanism could be the mechanism used by a covered financial institution to comply with various legal requirements, such as the commercially available software programs used to comply with the economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC.
A covered financial institution would also be required to implement risk-based procedures to identify indirect use of its correspondent accounts, including through methods used to hide the beneficial owner of a transaction. Specifically, FinCEN is concerned that FBME may attempt to disguise its transactions by relying on types of payments and accounts that would not explicitly identify FBME as an involved party. A financial institution may develop a suspicion of such misuse based on other information in its possession, patterns of transactions, or any other method available to it based on its existing systems. Under the proposed rule, a covered financial institution that suspects or has reason to suspect use of a correspondent account to process transactions involving FBME must take all appropriate steps to attempt to verify and prevent such use, including a notification to its correspondent account holder per section 1010.661(b)(2)(i)(A) requesting further information regarding a transaction, requesting corrective action to address the perceived risk and, where necessary, terminating the correspondent account. A covered financial institution may re-establish an account closed under the rule if it determines that the account will not be used to process transactions involving FBME. FinCEN specifically solicits comments on the requirement under the proposed rule that covered financial institutions take reasonable steps to prevent any processing of transactions involving FBME.
3. Recordkeeping and Reporting
Section 1010.661(b)(3) of the proposed rule would clarify that subsection (b) of the rule does not impose any reporting requirement upon any covered financial institution that is not otherwise required by applicable law or regulation. A covered financial institution must, however, document its compliance with the requirement that it notify those correspondent account holders that the covered financial institution knows or has reason to know provide services to FBME that such correspondents may not process any transaction involving FBME through the correspondent account maintained at the covered financial institution.
IV. Request for Comments
FinCEN invites comments on all aspects of the proposal to impose the fifth special measure against FBME and specifically invites comments on the following matters:
1. The impact of the proposed special measure upon legitimate transactions utilizing FBME involving, in particular, U.S. persons and entities; foreign persons, entities, and governments; and multilateral organizations doing legitimate business.
2. The form and scope of the notice to certain correspondent account holders that would be required under the rule;
3. The appropriate scope of the proposed requirement for a covered financial institution to take reasonable steps to identify any use of its correspondent accounts to process transactions involving FBME; and
4. The appropriate steps a covered financial institution should take once it identifies use of one of its correspondent accounts to process transactions involving FBME.
V. Regulatory Flexibility Act
When an agency issues a rulemaking proposal, the Regulatory Flexibility Act (« RFA ») requires the agency to « prepare and make available for public comment an initial regulatory flexibility analysis » that will « describe the impact of the proposed rule on small entities. » (5 U.S.C. 603(a)). Section 605 of the RFA allows an agency to certify a rule, in lieu of preparing an analysis, if the proposed rulemaking is not expected to have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities.
A. Proposal To Prohibit Covered Financial Institutions From Opening or Maintaining Correspondent Accounts With Certain Foreign Banks Under the Fifth Special Measure
1. Estimate of the Number of Small Entities to Whom the Proposed Fifth Special Measure Will Apply
For purposes of the RFA, both banks and credit unions are considered small entities if they have less than $500,000,000 in assets. /4/ Of the estimated 7,000 banks, 80 percent have less than $500,000,000 in assets and are considered small entities. /5/ Of the estimated 7,000 credit unions, 94 percent have less than$500,000,000 in assets. /6/
FOOTNOTE 4 Table of Small Business Size Standards Matched to North American Industry Classification System Codes, Small Business Administration Size Standards (SBA Jan. 22, 2014) [hereinafter SBA Size Standards ]. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 5 Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Find an Institution,http://www2.fdic.gov/idasp/main.asp; select Size or Performance: Total Assets, type Equal or less than $: « 500000 » and select Find. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 6 National Credit Union Administration, Credit Union Data, http://webapps.ncua.gov/customquery\ select Search Fields: Total Assets, select Operator: Less than or equal to, type Field Values: « 500000000 » and select Go. END FOOTNOTE
Broker-dealers are defined in 31 CFR 1010.100(h) as those broker-dealers required to register with the Securities and Exchange Commission (« SEC »). Because FinCEN and the SEC regulate substantially the same population, for the purposes of the RFA, FinCEN relies on the SEC’s definition of small business as previously submitted to the Small Business Administration (« SBA »). The SEC has defined the term « small entity » to mean a broker or dealer that: « (1) had total capital (net worth plus subordinated liabilities) of less than $500,000 on the date in the prior fiscal year as of which its audited financial statements, were prepared pursuant to Rule 17a-5(d) or, if not required to file such statements, a broker or dealer that had total capital (net worth plus subordinated debt) of less than$500,000 on the last business day of the preceding fiscal year (or in the time that it has been in business if shorter); and (2) is not affiliated with any person (other than a natural person) that is not a small business or small organization as defined in this release. » /7/ Based on SEC estimates, 17 percent of broker-dealers are classified as « small » entities for purposes of the RFA. /8/
FOOTNOTE 7 17 CFR 240.0-10(c). END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 8 76 FR 37572, 37602 (June 27, 2011) (the SEC estimates 871 small broker-dealers of the 5,063 total registered broker-dealers). END FOOTNOTE
Futures commission merchants (« FCMs ») are defined in 31 CFR 1010.100(x) as those FCMs that are registered or required to be registered as a FCM with theCommodity Futures Trading Commission (« CFTC ») under the Commodity Exchange Act (« CEA »), except persons who register pursuant to section 4f(a)(2) of the CEA, 7 U.S.C. 6f(a)(2). Because FinCEN and the CFTC regulate substantially the same population, for the purposes of the RFA, FinCEN relies on the CFTC’s definition of small business as previously submitted to the SBA. In the CFTC’s « Policy Statement and Establishment of Definitions of `Small Entities’ for Purposes of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, » the CFTC concluded that registered FCMs should not be considered to be small entities for purposes of the RFA. /9/ The CFTC’s determination in this regard was based, in part, upon the obligation of registered FCMs to meet the capital requirements established by the CFTC.
FOOTNOTE 9 47 FR 18618, 18619 (Apr. 30, 1982). END FOOTNOTE
For purposes of the RFA, an introducing broker-commodities dealer is considered small if it has less than $35,500,000 in gross receipts annually. /10/ Based on information provided by the National Futures Association (« NFA »), 95 percent of introducing brokers-commodities dealers have less than $35.5 million in Adjusted Net Capital and are considered to be small entities.
FOOTNOTE 10 SBA Size Standards at 28. END FOOTNOTE
Mutual funds are defined in 31 CFR 1010.100(gg) as those investment companies that are open-end investment companies that are registered or are required to register with the SEC. Because FinCEN and the SEC regulate substantially the same population, for the purposes of the RFA, FinCEN relies on the SEC’s definition of small business as previously submitted to the SBA. The SEChas defined the term « small entity » under the Investment Company Act to mean « an investment company that, together with other investment companies in the same group of related investment companies, has net assets of $50 million or less as of the end of its most recent fiscal year. » /11/ Based on SEC estimates, 7 percent of mutual funds are classified as « small entities » for purposes of the RFA under this definition. /12/
FOOTNOTE 11 17 CFR 270.0-10. END FOOTNOTE
FOOTNOTE 12 78 FR 23637, 23658 (April 19, 2013). END FOOTNOTE
As noted above, 80 percent of banks, 94 percent of credit unions, 17 percent of broker-dealers, 95 percent of introducing brokers-commodities, zero FCMs, and 7 percent of mutual funds are small entities. The limited number of foreign banking institutions with which FBME maintains or will maintain accounts will likely limit the number of affected covered financial institutions to the largest U.S. banks, which actively engage in international transactions. Thus, the prohibition on maintaining correspondent accounts for foreign banking institutions that engage in transactions involving FBME under the fifth special measure would not impact a substantial number of small entities.
2. Description of the Projected Reporting and Recordkeeping Requirements of the Fifth Special Measure
The proposed fifth special measure would require covered financial institutions to provide a notification intended to aid cooperation from foreign correspondent account holders in preventing transactions involving FBME from accessing the U.S. financial system. FinCEN estimates that the burden on institutions providing this notice is one hour. Covered financial institutions would also be required to take reasonable measures to detect use of their correspondent accounts to process transactions involving FBME. All U.S. persons, including U.S. financial institutions, currently must exercise some degree of due diligence to comply with OFAC sanctions and suspicious activity reporting requirements. The tools used for such purposes, including commercially available software used to comply with the economic sanctions programs administered by OFAC, can easily be modified to identify correspondent accounts with foreign banks that involve FBME. Thus, the special due diligence that would be required by the imposition of the fifth special measure– i.e., the one-time transmittal of notice to certain correspondent account holders, the screening of transactions to identify any use of correspondent accounts, and the implementation of risk-based measures to detect use of correspondent accounts–would not impose a significant additional economic burden upon small U.S. financial institutions.
For these reasons, FinCEN certifies that the proposals contained in this rulemaking would have a significant impact on a substantial number of small businesses.
FinCEN invites comments from members of the public who believe there would be a significant economic impact on small entities from the imposition of the fifth special measure regarding FBME.
VI. Paperwork Reduction Act
The collection of information contained in this proposed rule is being submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3507(d)). Comments on the collection of information should be sent to the Desk Officer for the Department of Treasury,Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget,Paperwork Reduction Project (1506), Washington, DC 20503 (or by email to email@example.com) with a copy to FinCEN by mail or email at the addresses previously specified. Comments should be submitted by one method only. Comments on the collection of information should be received by September 22, 2014. In accordance with the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act and its implementing regulations, 5 CFR 1320, the following information concerning the collection of information as required by 31 CFR 1010.661 is presented to assist those persons wishing to comment on the information collection.
A. Proposed Information Collection Under the Fifth Special Measure
The notification requirement in section 1010.661(b)(2)(i) is intended to aid cooperation from correspondent account holders in denying FBME access to the U.S. financial system. The information required to be maintained by section 1010.661(b)(3)(i) would be used by federal agencies and certain self-regulatory organizations to verify compliance by covered financial institutions with the provisions of 31 CFR 1010.661. The collection of information would be mandatory.
Description of Affected Financial Institutions: Banks, broker-dealers in securities, futures commission merchants and introducing brokers-commodities, and mutual funds.
Estimated Number of Affected Financial Institutions: 5,000.
Estimated Average Annual Burden in Hours Per Affected Financial Institution: The estimated average burden associated with the collection of information in this proposed rule is one hour per affected financial institution.
Estimated Total Annual Burden: 5,000 hours.
FinCEN specifically invites comments on: (a) whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the mission of FinCEN, including whether the information would have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of FinCEN’s estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information required to be maintained; (d) ways to minimize the burden of the required collection of information, including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology; and (e) estimates of capital or start-up costs and costs of operation, maintenance, and purchase of services to report the information.
An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required to respond to, a collection of information unless it displays a valid OMB control number.
VII. Executive Order 12866
Executive Orders 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. It has been determined that the proposed rule is not a « significant regulatory action » for purposes of Executive Order 12866.
List of Subjects in 31 CFR Part 1010
Administrative practice and procedure, banks and banking, brokers, counter-money laundering, counter-terrorism, foreign banking.
Authority and Issuance
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, part 1010, chapter X of title 31 of the Code of Federal Regulations, is proposed to be amended as follows:
1. The authority citation for part 1010 is revised to read as follows:
Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1829b and 1951-1959; 31 U.S.C. 5311-5314, 5316-5332 Title III, secs. 311, 312, 313, 314, 319, 326, 352, Pub. L. 107-56, 115 Stat. 307.
2. Add SEC 1010.661 to read as follows:
SEC 1010.661 Special measures against FBME Bank Ltd.
(a) Definitions. For purposes of this section:
(1) FBME Bank Ltd. means all branches, offices, and subsidiaries of FBME Bank Ltd. operating in any jurisdiction.
(2) Correspondent account has the same meaning as provided in SEC1010.605(c)(1)(ii).
(3) Covered financial institution has the same meaning as provided in SEC1010.605(e)(1).
(4) Subsidiary means a company of which more than 50 percent of the voting stock or analogous equity interest is owned by another company.
(b) Prohibition on accounts and due diligence requirements for covered financial institutions– (1) Prohibition on use of correspondent accounts. A covered financial institution shall terminate any correspondent account that is established, maintained, administered, or managed in the United States for, or on behalf of,FBME Bank Ltd.
(2) Special due diligence of correspondent accounts to prohibit use. (i) A covered financial institution shall apply special due diligence to its foreign correspondent accounts that is reasonably designed to guard against their use to process transactions involving FBME Bank Ltd. At a minimum, that special due diligence must include:
(A) Notifying those foreign correspondent account holders that the covered financial institution knows or has reason to know provide services to FBME Bank Ltd. that such correspondents may not provide FBME Bank Ltd. with access to the correspondent account maintained at the covered financial institution; and
(B) Taking reasonable steps to identify any use of its foreign correspondent accounts by FBME Bank Ltd., to the extent that such use can be determined from transactional records maintained in the covered financial institution’s normal course of business.
(ii) A covered financial institution shall take a risk-based approach when deciding what, if any, other due diligence measures it reasonably must adopt to guard against the use of its foreign correspondent accounts to process transactions involving FBME Bank Ltd.
(iii) A covered financial institution that obtains knowledge that a foreign correspondent account may be being used to process transactions involving FBME Bank Ltd. shall take all appropriate steps to further investigate and prevent such access, including the notification of its correspondent account holder under paragraph (b)(2)(i)(A) and, where necessary, termination of the correspondent account.
(3) Recordkeeping and reporting. (i) A covered financial institution is required to document its compliance with the notice requirement set forth in paragraph (b)(2)(i)(A) of this section.
(ii) Nothing in this paragraph (b) shall require a covered financial institution to report any information not otherwise required to be reported by law or regulation.
Dated: July 15, 2014.
Jennifer Shasky Calvery,
Director, Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
[FR Doc. 2014-17172 Filed 7-21-14; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4810-02-P